Synthetic biology and designing an artificial brain.

Synthetic biology is a branch of science and industry dealing predominantly with designing genetically modified organisms. Also, with the help of synthetic biology, we can currently edit the human genome to treat various genetic diseases, it is called gene therapy. We hope it will eventually allow us to significantly increase the duration of human life. In addition, there is another possible application of synthetic biology, which has not often been mentioned.

We know that animals, and especially humans, have a very amazing intelligent machine called a brain. Even the most powerful supercomputers, which consume a lot of energy and occupy a lot of area, can’t effectively perform many tasks which can be easily performed by an ordinary human’s brain or even an animal’s brain, and at the same time the average brain consumes less than 100 watt energy and is held in a relatively small volume of space. And why shouldn’t we try to improve this wonderful natural device in order to obtain even a better thinking machine?

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Building artificial general intelligence

Artificial general intelligence is probably the holy grail of computer science.  Despite tangible progress in machine learning in recent years, many computer scientists believe that we are still far away from creating really intelligence machines. They say that, probably, even human-level artificial general intelligence is still decades away. The main problem is that we have to incorporate machine learning systems with reasoning and planning. So, what can we do about that?

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The human brain and its augmentation. How far can we go?

Intelligence is the resource that allows us to take advantage of all other resources around us. And the augmentation of the human brain is probably the most radical method to vastly enhance our abilities and significantly improve our lives.

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Why do we age and How to prolong the maximum duration of human life

 

The average life expectancy had doubled since the prehistoric period to the 19th century and doubled again over last hundred years. But the maximum duration of human life hasn’t changed so much. In fact, it’s known that many centenarian lived in the ancient world.

All mammals, including humans, age in a very similar manner and unfortunately die of old age.  Why does this happen, and what are the fundamental biological principles responsible for this?

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